What is Dye Penetrant Testing?

Dye penetrant inspection (DP), also called liquid penetrate inspection (LPI) or penetrant testing (PT), is a widely applied and low-cost inspection method used to check surface-breaking defects in all non-porous materials (metals, plastics, or ceramics). The penetrant may be applied to all non-ferrous materials and ferrous materials, although for ferrous components magnetic-particle inspection is often used instead for its subsurface detection capability.

Penetrant testing is used to detect cracks or fissures on a part that is subject to failure such as forged or cast items. These may be critical items used in lifting applications, or welded items.